The main factors currently restricting the development of biomass power generation
It's the cost of fuel. Biomass power generation requires a relatively high fuel cost, which accounts for about two-thirds of the total power generation cost. Based on the subsidized 0.75 yuan grid electricity price, the breakeven point of the fuel purchase price has reached around 300 yuan/ton. However, the fuel purchase price is greatly affected by market changes, which can easily lead to losses for biomass power generation enterprises.
It's excessive competition. Biomass power generation is influenced by fuel supply and transportation costs, and has strong territorial characteristics. Once there is local protective duplicate investment or vicious competition in raw materials within the radiation range, biomass power generation enterprises will be difficult to sustain. In recent years, there has been a surge in the construction of biomass power generation projects across the country, resulting in a dense distribution of projects following the trend and creating hidden dangers of vicious competition. It is urgent for national and local governments to make good planning and balance the relationship between competition and protection.
It's technology research and development. China has made significant achievements in the development of core equipment in coal-fired power technology, and major core equipment has basically been able to achieve self research and self production. However, there are still many gaps in biomass power generation technology compared to developed Western countries, especially in the specialized auxiliary machinery supporting biomass fuel harvesting, transportation, processing and storage, which still need to catch up.
II. Main driving forces for the development of biomass power generation in China
The demand for economic development. According to relevant data, by 2020, China will consume 3 billion tons of standard coal, and with the continuous development of China's social economy and the constraints of global carbon emission conventions, the rigid demand for biomass energy will also increase day by day.
The demand for energy security. The application of biomass energy can effectively reduce the consumption of petrochemical energy and be more environmentally friendly. Biomass energy is an important renewable carbon energy source that cannot be replaced. Vigorously developing and utilizing biomass energy meets the development requirements of national energy security.
The demand for ecological and environmental protection. China has abundant biomass straw, which has not been fully utilized and is burned as crop waste, resulting in both waste and environmental pollution. Vigorously developing biomass power generation has significant economic, social, and environmental benefits.
Main Measures for Optimizing the Development of the Biomass Power Generation Industry
Increase policy support efforts. Compared with other clean energy power generation, biomass power generation has a disadvantage of high operating costs and poor market risk resistance, which requires national policy support for its development.
Increase investment in technological research and development. Increasing scientific research investment in the field of biomass power generation technology, improving the technical level and self-sufficiency of domestic core and auxiliary equipment, and narrowing the gap with advanced levels in developed countries are fundamental to reducing project investment and operating costs of biomass power generation enterprises, improving their profitability, and promoting healthy and sustainable development of the industry.
Strict market access approval. Strict review of biomass power generation projects, avoiding duplicate investment and excessive competition, is conducive to the healthy development of the industry. At the same time, the cogeneration mode of the joint waste heat utilization project has better energy utilization efficiency compared to the pure power generation mode, and should be advocated and promoted more.