I. Current main factors restricting the development of biomass power generation
It's the cost of fuel. Biomass power generation requires a relatively high fuel cost, accounting for about two-thirds of the total power generation cost. Based on the subsidized 0.75 yuan on-grid electricity price, the break-even point of the fuel purchase price has reached about 300 yuan/ton, and the fuel purchase price is greatly affected by market changes, which is easy to lead to losses for biomass power generation enterprises.
It is excessive competition. Affected by fuel supply and transportation costs, biomass power generation has strong territorial characteristics. Once there is local protective repeated investment or raw material vicious competition within the radiation range, it will be difficult for biomass power generation enterprises to continue. In recent years, the upsurge of building biomass power generation projects across the country has emerged, and the distribution of projects following the trend has been too dense, which has buried the hidden danger of vicious competition. It is urgent for the national and local governments to make good planning and balance the relationship between competition and protection.
It is technology research and development. China has made great achievements in the development of coal power technology core equipment, and major core equipment has basically been able to achieve self-research and self-production. However, there are still many gaps in biomass power generation technology compared with western developed countries, especially in the special auxiliary machinery such as biomass fuel harvesting, transportation, processing and storage, which still need to catch up.
II. Main driving forces for the development of biomass power generation in China
Demand for energy security. The application of biomass energy can effectively reduce the consumption of petrochemical energy and is more environmentally friendly. Biomass energy is an important renewable carbon energy, and its role cannot be replaced. Vigorously develop and utilize biomass energy, in line with the development requirements of national energy security.
The demand for ecological and environmental protection. China has abundant biomass straw, most of which are not fully utilized, and are burned as crop waste, which not only wastes but also pollutes the environment. Vigorously develop biomass power generation, with considerable economic, social and environmental benefits.
III. Main measures to optimize the development of biomass power generation industry
Increase policy support. Compared with other clean energy power generation, biomass power generation has the disadvantage of high operating cost and poor ability to resist market risks, and needs the national policy support to maintain its development.
Increase investment in technology research and development. Increasing scientific research investment in the field of biomass power generation technology, improving the technical level and self-sufficiency of domestic core equipment and auxiliary equipment, and narrowing the gap with the advanced level of developed countries are fundamental to reducing the project investment and operating costs of biomass power generation enterprises, improving the profitability of enterprises, and promoting the healthy and sustainable development of the industry.